All posts by Piyush Patil

Glutamine supplement: quick muscle recover

Hi,welcome to KnowledgeSuttra. Glutamine it the most useful as well as very important supplement in bodybuilding community it is mainly use bodybuilder maintain there glutamine level and their immune system

so guys lets start today topic

what is Glutamine?

In our body 61% of skeletal muscle is Glutamine and  consists of 19% nitrogen then making it the primary transporter of nitrogen into your muscle cells

It is most usable supplement for those who doing exercises or intense workout.Glutamine is the amino acid where found in your muscle and when it comes on amino acids then it is confirmed that animo acids are building block of protein we can also intake glutamine without using supplement. Glutamine especially the protein rich be food like chicken,beef,fish,dairy products egg as well as vegetable like bean,beets,cabbage,parsley,kale, sprouts so guys this are source of Glutamine we can take in our daily basis life

Glutamine supplement

Gultamine for muscle recover as well as for strength,stamina .Glutamine plays the importance key role in protein synthesis in studies shows that the intake of good glutamine can be decrease the breakdown of muscle and improve protein metabolism

How Glutamine powder helps for you?

As we say previously mention Glutamine plays the important role for protein metabolism and it’s anti catabolism (anabolic) ability to recover and prevent muscle from breakdown. This supplement is specially useful for people who doing cutting for muscle and importantly it is very useful in summer days this helps get rid of some body fat without losing any muscle when we workout the glutamine level and your immune system decrease for that Gultamine Powder helps to maintain your Gultamine level and immune system.

How much you should consume Glutamine?

Firstly you must be Consume Gultamine from your diet should take 10 to 15 grams of Gultamine per day and this 10 to 15 grams of Glutamine should be divided in three times a day with each serving is 5 grams and it is also important if your take protein powder then some of protein supplement contain Glutamine for that you have read nurtion lable if your taking the Glutamine powder it the best time to consume in morning, after workout and night before you sleep


Neutrino Space Science : High-Energy Neutrino

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttra. Today we are discus about the High-Energy neutrino. “This is super energizing news”. “It’s denoting the start of what we call neutrino space science,” which utilizes the almost massless particles to uncover privileged insights of astronomical peculiarities like blazars. While there might be extra inestimable source for high-energy neutrinos, the discovery shows that at any rate some originate from blazars.
The outcome likewise proposes that blazars emanate other lively particles known as cosmic rays, which are delivered pair with neutrinos. The starting points of high-vitality cosmic rays are inadequately comprehended and as of recently, “no one has ever possessed the capacity to pinpoint a source that produces them,”


Researchers have since quite a while ago pondered the wellsprings of high-energy particles from space, which player the Earth at energies that can overwhelm the world’s most exceptional molecule accelerators. Presently, physicists have distinguished the wellspring of a vigorous, lightweight molecule called a neutrino. The intergalactic voyager originated from a kind of splendid system called a blazar.

Blazars are still inadequately comprehended, including what sorts of particles they impact out. Since high-energy neutrinos can be delivered just in blend with protons, the recognition uncovers that blazars are additionally a wellspring of cosmic ray, which comprise of protons and nuclear cores. Cosmic ray have been distinguished on Earth at ultrahigh energies, and it’s been a secret what sort of cosmic energy could rev particles up to those extremes. “This might be a piece of information to their cause”.

Neutrinos, then again, are electrically nonpartisan, which implies they are unaffected by magnetic fields, going in a straight line from their sources to Earth. Since high-energy cosmic ray and neutrinos are delivered together, the particles can enable researchers to comprehend cosmic ray too. The highest energy cosmic rays are known to come from outside the Milky Way.

Mysterious hydrogen wall around our solar system

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttra. Today we are discussing about mysterious wall around our solar system. NASA scientists found new evidence of a mysterious wall surrounding our universe. It is having bubble like region. “We’re seeing the limit between being in the sun oriented neighborhood and being in the Galaxy,” Leslie Young, stargazer at the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado.

About Hydrogen Wall

The hydrogen wall has been depicted by the researchers as where rises of sun oriented wind cease to exist. The mass of interstellar matter here is little however sufficiently solid to not let the sun powered wind to go through. In the meantime, it isn’t so solid to bust through the sun powered wind develop. It acts like a wall squeezing the sun powered wind internal. The Sun is completely made out of hydrogen.

It consumes to give vitality and helium, a latent gas on the sun. Data sent by New Horizons have influenced NASA researchers to trust that the external limit of the close planetary system must be comprised of hydrogen. An examination of the most recent confirmation assembled by New Horizons was distributed by the NASA researchers not long ago.

New confirmation focuses that the matter and vitality conveyed by the sun oriented wind gather in a specific area building hydrogen divider. It is where solar matter manufactures a development with the interstellar matter. Hydrogen is the most well-known matter in space.

The two arrangements of information are best clarified if the watched bright light isn’t just an aftereffect of the dispersing of daylight by hydrogen molecules inside the close planetary system yet incorporates a significant commitment from a far off source.

‘This removed source could be the mark of a “wall” of hydrogen, framed close where the interstellar wind experiences the sunlight based breeze or could be more far off. Comparative future perceptions from New Horizons are arranged about twice every year.’

Another spacecraft:space-X dragon version 2

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttra. Friend’s today we are going to discuss about   about the new spacecraft which NASA plans to use for international space station flights Name as Boeing CST-100 Starliner or Space-X’s Dragon version 2.

The second form of the SpaceX Dragon shuttle, which will be a human-appraised vehicle. It incorporates an arrangement of four side-mounted thruster cases with two SuperDraco engines each, which can fill in as a dispatch escape framework or launch abort system (LAS). What’s more, it has significantly bigger windows, new flight PCs and flying, and overhauled sun powered exhibits, and an adjusted external shape line from the underlying payload Dragon that has been flying for quite a long while.


The spacecraft is of type crewed capsule. Life of spacecraft is 1 week free flight and 2 year docked. Payload capacity of spacecraft is 3,310 kg to ISS 2,500 kg return cargo. The diameter of spacecraft is 12 ft (3.7 m), height of spacecraft is 27 ft (8.1 m).

The rocket was uncovered on May 29, 2014, amid a press occasion at SpaceX central station in Hawthorne, California. Designed to ferry space travelers to space, the container varies impressively from the freight conveying Dragon, which has been operational since 2010. As of June 2018, the rocket is required to lead a mechanized test mission to the International Space Station (ISS) on September 16, 2018, and to convey its first group on an exhibit trip on January 17, 2019.

End the Alien Detection Hype

Hello everyone welcome to knowledgesuttra. Today we are discussing about the alien. SETI Researchers want to end the Alien detection hype. From the very long time the Researchers looking for Alien signals. But the result is 0, we get different kinds of signals regarding Aliens but we can’t say it is real.

“It’s completely vital that when we discuss something as enormously critical as the disclosure of astute life past the Earth, we do it unmistakably and painstakingly,” Yet, that doesn’t mean there aren’t a lot of exaggerated media features about potential Alien discoveries. So a group of specialists seeking after the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence, or SETI, has chosen to restore a scale intended to ground these recognitions in actuality.

They shared their scale, called Rio 2.0, from the SETI Institute. “Having Rio 2.0 enables us to rank a signal rapidly in a way that the overall population can without much of a stretch comprehend, and encourages us to keep their trust in a world loaded with counterfeit news.”

The new investigation expands on a comparable exertion, called the Rio Scale, which was produced in 2000 and was exhibited at the 51st International Astronautically Congress held in Rio de Janeiro the following year. In any case, since the first scale was created, SETI researchers have chosen that the assessment required some refreshing, especially given the very quick pace of online media. The new form of the scale makes a similar yield: a score running from 0 to 10 intended to pass on the significance of a flag location, with 0 speaking to a discovery of no significance and 10 demonstrating one of unprecedented significance.

Yet, the new research proposes tweaking how the score is ascertained to attempt to improve it a portrayal of the components that decide a discovery’s actual importance and to make the apparatus less demanding for researchers to use to assess their own signs and those of their associates. That underlying score is then intended to be amended as extra information is assembled, the analysts clarified.

Up until this point, the researchers composed, most of the recognition they’ve gone through the adding machine have returned with a score of 0, which implies it’s still much too soon to get amped up for Alien correspondences.

The Most Awaited Longest Lunar Eclipse in Era

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttr. Today’s we are going to discuss about most awaited longest lunar eclipse . It kind of hard to say actual timing and how long it will being in  India. Let see  where will the Blood Moon has seen and many more things about the  Eclipse.

The eclipse will be noticeable in two sections, first of it being an aggregate lunar eclipse, trailed by a partial eclipse both of which will keep going for over 60 minutes. The marvel may take up over four hours to run its course, as indicated by different reports. Stargazers in many nations won’t have the capacity to see both the eclipse in a steady progression. Be that as it may, because of the land area of the Indian sub-mainland, both of these obscurations will be noticeable to the bare eye.

By A.T. Sinclair –, Public Domain, Link

Lunar Eclipse 2018 Date

Here are the timings to watch Lunar Eclipse in India on July 27, 2018. The world will see the longest lunar overshadowing in a century throughout the evening of July 27, and the early long periods of July 28. This wonder will likewise happen alongside the Blood Moon. The lunar eclipse will likewise be visible in India, and this will be a ‘Blood Moon’ also, where the Earth’s satellite goes up against a reddish tinge.

The total Lunar Eclipse timing in India

It will be visible in New Delhi.

Penumbral Eclipse22.44 PM IST on July 27
Fractional Eclipse23h 54m IST on July 27
Moon will be covered by Earth’s shadow1h 00m IST on July 28
Total aggregate eclipse timing2h 43m IST on 28 July.

At that point, the Moon will begin to bit by bit leave Earth’s shadow and partial eclipse will end at 3h 49m IST on July 28. The eclipse will be noticeable in the locales covering Australia, Asia, and Russia – aside from the northern part, Africa, Europe, east of South America and Antarctica. It will be obvious in all parts of India.

Gaia Sausage Galaxy Merged With Our Milky Way Galaxy

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttra. Today we will know about “Gaia Sausage Galaxy” and collision between the Milky Way and “Gaia Sausage” galaxy.

Also Read:- Galaxy : How Many Galaxies are there in the universe!!!!

About Gaia Sausage Galaxy

The Gaia Sausage is the dwarf galaxy, due to the characteristic sausage shape of the population in velocity space, the appearance on a plot of radial versus azimuthal and vertical velocities of stars for that it is called Gaia Sausage. The stars that have converged with the Milky Way have orbits that are exceedingly outspread.Credit: V. Belokurov (Cambridge, UK); Based on image by ESO/Juan Carlos Muñoz

The furthest points of their orbits are around 20 km/sec from the galactic focus at what is known as the corona break.

The collision between the Milky Way and “Gaia Sausage” galaxy

The Collision between the Milky Way and Gaia Sausage galaxy was defining the event in the history of the Milky Way Galaxy and change the shape of the structure of the galaxy, not only inner bulge outer halo also changed. A worldwide group of space experts has found that an ancient, intergalactic impact occurred between the Milky Way and dwarf galaxy “Gaia Sausage” around 8 to 10 billion years back. The ‘Gaia Sausage’ recreated the Milky Way, by puffing up the thin plate to make it a thick circle, while the gas is brought into the Milky Way set off a crisp round of star arrangement and recharged the thin plate. The debris from the dwarf galaxy gives the greater part of the metal-rich halo.

According to the statement, after the impact, the stars deserted from the Sausage system moved in spiral orbits in long, narrow patterns, as indicated. The Sausage galaxy gets its name from this sausage-shaped, spiral orbit. The sausage-shaped formed the way that these stars circle in is the thing that tipped the specialists off about this impact since this way is close to the focal point of our galaxy. “This is an indication that the dwarf galaxy came in on an extremely erratic circle and its destiny was fixed.

Android Studio Tutorial: what is intent

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttra. In our previous blog Layout and views, we saw the types of layouts and views, and we saw functionality of them. Our today’s topic is Intent; intent is most important part in Android application development. Intent is use for services; to use or access any kind of services we need Intent. If our android application contains more than one activity that time we use Intent to move or jump from one activity to another activity. Today we will see the types of Intent. Need of Intent and functionality of them.

Intent gives a facility to performing late run-time binding between the codes in various applications. Its most huge utilize is in the starting of Activities, where it can be thought of as the paste between exercises. It is essentially a passive information structure holding a unique depiction of an activity to be performed.

Types of intent

In the books of Android development they say that there are two types of Intent.

  • Explicit Intent
  • Implicit Intent

But there are one more Intent which in not consider is called Pending Intent.

what is intent+knowledgesuttra+piyush patilimage source:-EngineersDream

Explicit Intent

Explicit Intent is the simplest type of intent it doesn’t interact with other services. It work between Activity’s it provides connectivity to jump from one activity to another activity. It is a way for an application to launch various internal activities it has as the user interacts with the application.

Implicit Intent

Implicit Intent is type of intent which works with the services internal and external both. Internal services means services which is available in the phone for example camera, music player, gallery, etc. External services means which are not available in phone for example sms, mail or Internet, etc. It is use for Activity, broadcastReciver, services.

This is handled by the process of Intent resolution, which maps Intent to an Activity, broadcastReciver, services that handle it. The intent resolution mechanism basically revolves around matching Intent against all of the <intent-filter> descriptions in the installed application packages.

Pending Intent

Pending intent is not considered as intent resolution. This type of intent use for notifications, as we saw in our phone the notification shows the short message we can read by clicking on it or ignore by swapping it. This all can do with the help of pending intent.

Primary attributes which include with Intent 

  • action:- the general action, like ACTION_MAIN, ACTION_VIEW, ACTION_EDIT, etc
  • data :- the data which we use or operate, like contacts

Other than this primary attributes we have some secondary attributes

  • category
  • component
  • type
  • extras

Android Studio:- Layouts and Views

Hello everyone welcome to KnowledgeSuttra . Today we are learning about Layouts in Android. In last Blog we have build our first Application with Android. Form that blog we get idea about working of Android studio and some of its feature. Now you can Handel Android studio easily.  Today we are learn about the Layouts which are play very important roll in Android Applications. To build any Application we need an Layout, there are different types of layouts present. According to our requirement we can use them.

Let’s take one example of an Application, whatsApp is using linear Layout of type vertical integrate with List View.

Just like that every Application need one Layout which defines the structure for a user interface in your Application, means how it look just like Displays a scrolling single column list, Displays a scrolling grid of columns and rows, etc. first step of Building any application is that you have to select layout for Application.

Types of layouts

The most common type of layouts are:

  • Linear Layout
  • Relative Layout
  • Constraint Layout

There are some other layouts  such as:

  • Web View Layout
  • Frame Layout
  • List View Layout
  • Grid View Layout
  • Table Layout
  • Space Layout

All this are types of layouts and each layout does a unique work and we can marge two or more Layout in one Activity according to our requirements.

Linear Layout

A layout which arranges other attributes (views) in a sequential manner that layout is called Linear layout. It is having two types.

  • Horizontal Linear layout
  • Vertical Linear layoutandroid studio:  linear layout

Sample code for Linear Layout

<LinearLayout xmlns:android=””








Relative Layout

Relative Layout is a view which gathers that presentations child views in relative positions. The situation of each view can be determined as with respect to kin components, (for example, to one side of or underneath another view) or in positions relation to the parent Relative Layout territory, (for example, adjusted to the base, left or focus).

Sample code for Relative layout with some attributes

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android=””
android:paddingRight=”16dp” >
android:hint=”@string/reminder” />     <Button
android:text=”@string/done” />


 Constraint Layout

It is new layout which is use to make Application for any size of Android phone. It can adjust according to the size of phone or android system. It support library that you can use on Android systems starting with API level 9 and higher.

There are different kinds of constraints that we can use:

  • Relative positioning
  • Centering positioning
  • Circular positioning
  • Dimension constraints
  • Margins
  • Optimizer

Other layouts are use inside this three layouts or marge with these layouts depending on the problem statement.

Well here i quoted quick guide on Layouts and Views. If you have any query feel free to ask me

First Application with Android

Hello everyone welcome to knowledgesuttra. In the previous blog we saw the introduction to Android Application development and Application component and some Additional Component to Build Android Application. In the previous blogs we just saw the theoretical things and from now we will start making Android Applications with the help of Android Studio. In the todays blog we will making our first Android Application. It our First Application so we will start with the very simple Application.

Working of Application

In our first Application we will do simple thing, we have to put name and it will return us Good Morning with the name which we entered. For example we enter name Akshay, it will return us Good Morning Akshay after clicking on button.

What we Need to make this Application?

To make Application we have too things

  • activity_main.xml

In the activity_main.xml we design our Application, we can design your application how it look. But we just make it simple we need one TextView to give title or heading and we require one EditText to enter the name and lastly we require one Button to click and run the task.

In the we will import the entire things which we need in activity_main.xml file.

Start making application!!

Step 1: –

Click on New Project

  • it will ask for Application name, give the name to your project.
  • Then it will ask Company domain, you have to put your domain if you have a website or server otherwise you can give it any name with .com
  • Then it ask project location it will take automatically but if you want to change the path you can give path hare and change it easily.
  • Don’t tick on Include c++ support and Include Kotlin support. Just click on Next Button.

Step 2: –

Now it showing Target Android Devices, in this you can choose for which device you want to develop application it give some options just like Phone and Tablet, Wear, TV, Android Auto, Android Things you can choose any of it. But we choose just Phone and Tablet. You have to set hare for which version your application will support, set their API 16: Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean).

Then click on Next Button.

Step 3: –

Now you have to select Activity, it will give you lots of options like Basic Activity, Bottom Navigation Activity, Empty Activity, and so on. We have to take Empty Activity for our Application.

Then click on Next Button.

Step 4: –

Now it will ask for Configure Activity you don’t have to do anything just click on Finish, and your project will start.

We will start with the xml file.

  • First of all we have to design our application, how it look like.
  • We have to select Layout first. Take ConstraintLayout (you also can use LinearLayout of type vertical). You can drag drop it or you can do it with xml coding.
  • We have to Drag TextView from the Palette and Drop it.
  • Click on Attributes which are placed on the Right corner of our project.
  • In the attributes you have to give one unique id to every attributes. I am giving it
  • Then give it Title as you want, I am giving Good Morning.
  • Now drag one EditText of type Plain Text. And drop it.
  • Do the same go to Attributes and give a unique id, I am giving In this don’t set ant Text, hare we are giving Hint it is also in Attributes. I am giving Enter your Name.
  • Now drag one Button to run our application, and drop it.
  • Do the same things again give it one unique id and give it text like ok, go, click, something like that. I am giving ok.

Hare we complete our design now it’s time for coding.

  • Go to
  • First of all we have to initialize all that things which we take in the xml file we take one Button, one EditText and one TextView.
  • We can do this by too different ways, we will see one way hare and other one in Next project.

final TextView txtName = (TextView)findViewById(;


  • Like the above code you can initialization and declaration on one time.
  • Like this code you can initialize remaining two attributes also just changing their name and id.
  • Now the important code start we have to fix one method with Button. setOnClickListener it means that this ,method will call when we click on the Button.
  • I am giving a sample code below.

btnText.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View view){
String name = btnText.getText().toString();
int age = Integer.parseInt(name);
txtName.setText(“good Morning, ” + name);

  • This is the code to give method to button.
  • In this method we are taking string (Name) in the EditText. And converting it into integer.
  • In the last code we marge good morning with the name.
  • Click on Run Button, green triangle like Button.
  • Run with emulator or external Device, I suggest go for the external device.
  • You just have to plug your phone with your system with the help of USB cable, and start debugging on your phone.

Hare we complete our coding part and you can run it now, i hope you get good result with this project if any problem will come you can ask me in the comment.